The violation of the rights owned by someone else has over an intellectual property is what is referred to as an infringement to intellectual property. Examples of the intellectual property rights are such as the trademarks, copyrights and patents. This as such points to the fact that intellectual property infringement may take a number of forms and these include trademark infringement, copyright infringement, and patent infringement. Let us see some of these broken down into their finer details.
We will take a look at trademark infringement. As is suggested by the name, it is the infringement of the exclusive rights over a trademark. It involves the use of the trademark without the permission of the trademark owner or the availing of any permitting licenses. It may even get to occur in the cases where the one party causing the infringement of rights gets to use a trademark that is similar or in a way confusing for the promotion of goods and or services that are part of the inventory of the trademark owner. If you are a trademark rights owner and you have your rights over the same violated by another, then you are at liberty to initiate legal proceedings against such a person.
Patent infringement is the next item that we will take a look at. Patent law is an invention that is intended to give some form of monopoly to the inventor to make and or sell his invention. A patent will in most cases be valid for a limited period of time but during this particular period of time, you will have the patent rights barring others from making, selling or using the given patented product. Patents are licenses that can either be sold, assigned or transferred and will only work in those jurisdictions where the patents have been issued. When a patent reaches its expiration dates, the use of the formerly patented product becomes open to all. You need to as well bear in mind the fact that there are often some annual patent renewal fees that must be paid by all the patent holders.
Thus patent infringement can be said to be the committing of an act that is forbidden in respect to a given invention without having the authorization of the patent holder. By and large the description of patents may vary with jurisdiction but all in all they must involve the use of the patented invention.